Domo Ideas Exchange - Beast Modes - First / Last Days of the Month / Week

GrantSmith
GrantSmith Indiana 🥷

Problem:

How Do I calculate the start or end date of the week or month?


Solution:

Last Day of the Month:

This is fairly simple as we can use utilize the LAST_DAY function which will return the last day of the month for the provided date.

LAST_DAY(`dt`)

First Day of the Month:

For this we can do some simple math to subtract a specific number of days. We need to get back to day one. The DAYOFMONTH function will return the day number of the supplied date. We just need to subtract one less from the date's day number

-- Author: 
-- Created: 
-- Last Modified: 
-- Description: Subtract the number of days of the date (except one) to get the first of the month
-- 24-(24-1) => day 24 - 23 days = day 1
DATE_SUB(`dt`, INTERVAL (DAYOFMONTH(`dt`) - 1) DAY)

Last Day of the Week:

Similar to the first day of the month we can utilize math to add a specific number of days to get to Saturday. There is a function called DAYOFWEEK which will return a number between 1 (Sunday) and 7 (Saturday). We simply need to calculate the difference from the given date to Saturday and add that number of days.

-- Author:
-- Created:
-- Last Modified:
-- Description: Get the last day of the week.
-- This is done by getting the day of the week (1-7) and adding the number
-- of days needed to equal 7 (Saturday)
DATE_ADD(`dt`, INTERVAL (7- DAYOFWEEK(`dt`)) DAY)

First Day of the Week:

For the First day of the week we do the opposite of the Last Day of the Week and subtract days until we get to day 1 of the week.

-- Author:
-- Created:
-- Last Modified:
-- Description: Get the first day of the week
-- This is done by subtracting the day number (1-7) from the given date.
-- 5 (Thursday) - (5-1) days => 5 - 4 = 1 (Sunday)
DATE_SUB(`dt`, INTERVAL (DAYOFWEEK(`dt`) - 1) DAY)

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Comments

  • Derreck
    Derreck ⚪️

    @GrantSmith What if you would like to have Monday as the first day of the week?

  • GrantSmith
    GrantSmith Indiana 🥷

    Hi @Derreck

    You can just add a day to the date:

    DATE_ADD(DATE_SUB(`dt`, INTERVAL (DAYOFWEEK(`dt`) - 1) DAY), INTERVAL 1 DAY)
    

    End of the week:

    DATE_ADD(`dt`, INTERVAL (7- DAYOFWEEK(`dt`) + 1) DAY)
    


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  • Derreck
    Derreck ⚪️

    @GrantSmith


    Thank you!

  • Hiraayub
    Hiraayub Fort Myers, FL ⚪️

    How to get a last day of the next month?

  • GrantSmith
    GrantSmith Indiana 🥷

    @Hiraayub

    LAST_DAY(DATE_ADD(`dt`, INTERVAL 1 MONTH))
    
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  • vikrao
    vikrao ⚪️

    Thanks Grant! This was very helpful.

  • RickM
    RickM ⚪️

    Hi Grant (or anyone else who can assist),

    I'm running into an issue attempting to change day of week to Monday when I do the following (per your instructions above):

    1. DATE_ADD(DATE_SUB(`Create Date`, INTERVAL (DAYOFWEEK(`Create Date') - 1) DAY), INTERVAL 1 DAY)

    It does appear to work, but my corresponding rows don't change. It's as if I'm changing what shows for that cell to be this date, but the actual data hasn't changed. I can tell this if I also show the full date next to it, it loops in previous week's days into that current week that I'm setting it as. You can see this in the screenshot below (created date is the same data used in week start date).



    Please help.